BackMyData Ransomware: In-Depth Analysis, Detection, and Mitigation

What Is BackMyData Ransomware?

BackMyData ransomware is a variant of the Phobos ransomware family that is similar to 8base. The ransomware is spread by exploiting weak or misconfigured RDP connections. Victims of BackMyData are instructed to contact the attacks via the email address provided in the ransom notes or the Session Messenger app. Contact details for Session are also provided in the ransom notes. BackMyData does not currently host a data leak site (DLS) or any other public repository for victim names or data.

What Does BackMyData Ransomware Target?

BackMyData ransomware targets small and medium sized businesses (SMBs) as well as large enterprise environments. This includes those in the healthcare, education, and manufacturing sectors. In early 2024, BackMyData ransomware was associated with a large-scale attack on HIS (Hipocrate Information System). Previous Phobos variants were also used to target hospitals in Romania in both 2019 and 2021.

How Does BackMyData Ransomware Work?

BackMyData ransomware is spread by exploiting weak or misconfigured remote desktop protocol (RDP) connections. Delivery of Phobos variants through phishing have also been observed in prior Phobos campaigns though prior stage infections are also common (e.g., SmokeLoader).

Once infected, BackMyData will write multiple copies of itself to various locations in the file system to establish persistence. Copies of the executables are written to:


\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup

\ProgramData\Microsoft\Windows\Start Menu\Programs\Startup\


Persistence is also established via the Registry (Run key) in:





During the launch of the malware, multiple changes are made to the system to inhibit recovery and to relax any local firewall configuration that may inhibit the activities of the threat actors. The following firewall modification (T1562.004) commands are observed:


netsh.exe firewall set opmode mode=disable

netsh.exe advfirewall set currentprofile state off


The following VSS (Volume Shadow Copy) Removal / Manipulation (T1490) commands are observed:


vssadmin.exe delete shadows /all /quiet

WMIC.exe shadowcopy delete


The following System Recovery Manipulation (T1490) commands are observed:


bcdedit.exe /set {default} bootstatuspolicy ignoreallfailures

bcdedit.exe /set {default} recoveryenabled no

wbadmin.exe delete catalog -quiet


Affected files are renamed with a .BACKMYDATA extension.

Ransom notes are written in multiple formats on infected hosts. Text, HTML, and .HTA versions of the note are written and displayed upon infection. The preferred communications platform for BackMyData is the Session Messenger application.

Victims of BackMyData are instructed to contact the attacks via the email address provided in the ransom notes or the Session Messenger app. Contact details for Session Messenger are also provided in the ransom notes.

How to Detect BackMyData Ransomware

The SentinelOne Singularity XDR Platform can identify and stop any malicious activities and items related to BackMyData Ransomware.

In case you do not have SentinelOne deployed, detecting BackMyData Ransomware requires a combination of technical and operational measures designed to identify and flag suspicious activity on the network. This allows the organization to take appropriate action, and to prevent or mitigate the impact of the ransomware attack.

To detect BackMyData Ransomware without SentinelOne deployed, it is important to take a multi-layered approach, which includes the following steps:

  1. Use anti-malware software or other security tools capable of detecting and blocking known ransomware variants. These tools may use signatures, heuristics, or machine learning algorithms, to identify and block suspicious files or activities.
  2. Monitor network traffic and look for indicators of compromise, such as unusual network traffic patterns or communication with known command-and-control servers.
  3. Conduct regular security audits and assessments to identify network and system vulnerabilities and ensure that all security controls are in place and functioning properly.
  4. Educate and train employees on cybersecurity best practices, including identifying and reporting suspicious emails or other threats.
  5. Implement a robust backup and recovery plan to ensure that the organization has a copy of its data and can restore it in case of an attack.

How to Mitigate BackMyData Ransomware

The SentinelOne Singularity XDR Platform can return systems to their original state using either the Quarantine or Repair.

In case you do not have SentinelOne deployed, there are several steps that organizations can take to mitigate the risk of BackMyData Ransomware attacks:

Educate employees: Employees should be educated on the risks of ransomware, and on how to identify and avoid phishing emails, malicious attachments, and other threats. They should be encouraged to report suspicious emails or attachments, and to avoid opening them, or clicking on links or buttons in them.

Implement strong passwords: Organizations should implement strong, unique passwords for all user accounts, and should regularly update and rotate these passwords. Passwords should be at least 8 characters long, and should include a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.

Enable multi-factor authentication: Organizations should enable multi-factor authentication (MFA) for all user accounts, to provide an additional layer of security. This can be done through the use of mobile apps, such as Google Authenticator or Microsoft Authenticator, or through the use of physical tokens or smart cards.

Update and patch systems: Organizations should regularly update and patch their systems, to fix any known vulnerabilities, and to prevent attackers from exploiting them. This includes updating the operating system, applications, and firmware on all devices, as well as disabling any unnecessary or unused services or protocols.

Implement backup and disaster recovery: Organizations should implement regular backup and disaster recovery (BDR) processes, to ensure that they can recover from ransomware attacks, or other disasters. This includes creating regular backups of all data and systems, and storing these backups in a secure, offsite location. The backups should be tested regularly, to ensure that they are working, and that they can be restored quickly and easily.