Darky Lock Ransomware: In-Depth Analysis, Detection, and Mitigation

What is DarkyLock Ransomware?

Darky Lock ransomware is a commodity-tier ransomware family based on the publicly available Babuk source code. The Darky Lock family was first observed in July 2022. In Darky Lock infections, operators first attempt to disable multiple processes, including legacy versions of Intuit QuickBooks and Symantec antivirus.

Darky Lock Ransomware

What Does Darky Lock Ransomware Target?

Darky Lock ransomware is known to target large enterprises and high-value targets as well as small and medium-sized businesses (SMBs).

How Does Darky Lock Ransomeware Work?

Darky Lock ransomware targets its victims through trojanized downloads as well as phishing emails. They are also known to deliver malicious payloads through third-party frameworks such as Empire, Metasploit, and Cobalt Strike.

Darky Lock Ransomware Technical Details

Victims are instructed to contact their attacker via email after paying the fees. The ransom note “Restore-My-Files.txt” is subsequently written to all locations containing encrypted items. The ransomware has the ability to spread to local drives or mounted network drives. In addition, the ransomware will attempt to inhibit recovery by deleting volume shadow copies. Following encryption, all modified files will have the “.darky” extension appended to the end.

How to Detect Darky Lock Ransomware

The SentinelOne Singularity XDR Platform detects and prevents malicious behaviors and artifacts associated with Darky Lock ransomware.

If you do not have SentinelOne deployed, here are a few ways you can identify Darky Lock ransomware in your network:

Security Tools

Use anti-malware software or other security tools capable of detecting and blocking known ransomware variants. These tools may use signatures, heuristics, or machine learning algorithms, to identify and block suspicious files or activities.

Network Traffic

Monitor network traffic and look for indicators of compromise, such as unusual network traffic patterns or communication with known command-and-control servers.

Security Audits

Conduct regular security audits and assessments to identify network and system vulnerabilities and ensure that all security controls are in place and functioning properly.

Education & Training

Educate and train employees on cybersecurity best practices, including identifying and reporting suspicious emails or other threats.

Backup & Recovery Plan

Implement a robust backup and recovery plan to ensure that the organization has a copy of its data and can restore it in case of an attack.

How to Mitigate Darky Lock Ransomware

SentinelOne Singularity XDR Platform prevents Darky Lock ransomware infections. In case of an infection, the SentinelOne Singularity XDR Platform detects and prevents malicious behaviors and artifacts associated with Darky Lock ransomware.

SentinelOne customers are protected from Darky Lock ransomware without any need to update or take action. In cases where the policy was set to Detect Only and a device became infected, remove the infection by using SentinelOne’s unique rollback capability. As the accompanying video shows,  the rollback will revert any malicious impact on the device and restore encrypted files to their original state.

In case you do not have SentinelOne deployed, there are several steps that organizations can take to mitigate the risk of Darky Lock ransomware attacks:

Educate employees

Employees should be educated on the risks of ransomware, and how to identify and avoid phishing emails, malicious attachments, and other threats. They should be encouraged to report suspicious emails or attachments, and to avoid opening them, or clicking on links or buttons in them.

Implement strong passwords

Organizations should implement strong, unique passwords for all user accounts, and should regularly update and rotate these passwords. Passwords should be at least 8 characters long and should include a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters.

Enable multi-factor authentication

Organizations should enable multi-factor authentication (MFA) for all user accounts, to provide an additional layer of security. This can be done through the use of mobile apps, such as Google Authenticator or Microsoft Authenticator, or the use of physical tokens or smart cards.

Update and patch systems

Organizations should regularly update and patch their systems, to fix any known vulnerabilities, and to prevent attackers from exploiting them. This includes updating the operating system, applications, and firmware on all devices, as well as disabling any unnecessary or unused services or protocols.

Implement backup and disaster recovery

Organizations should implement regular backup and disaster recovery (BDR) processes, to ensure that they can recover from ransomware attacks or other disasters. This includes creating regular backups of all data and systems and storing these backups in a secure, offsite location. The backups should be tested regularly to ensure that they are working and that they can be restored quickly and easily.

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